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18 January 2023
Table of Contents
What Is Artificial Intelligence?
A Brief History of Artificial Intelligence?
Types of Artificial Intelligence.
How Does Artificial Intelligence Work?
Ways of Implementing AI ?
One of the hottest buzzwords in technology right now is artificial intelligence (AI), and for good reason. Many inventions and developments that were previously only found in science fiction have begun to materialize during the past several years.
Artificial intelligence is viewed by experts as a factor of production that has the ability to open up new avenues for growth and transform how work is carried out across industries. For instance, according to this PWC report, AI might by 2035 help the world economy grow by $15.7 trillion. With approximately 70% of the worldwide effect, China and the United States stand to gain the most from the upcoming AI boom.
This PrajnaWorld's tutorial provides an overview of AI, including how it works, its pros and cons, its applications, certifications, and why it’s a good field to master.
Artificial Intelligence is a method of making a computer, a computer-controlled robot, or a software think intelligently like the human mind. AI is accomplished by studying the patterns of the human brain and by analyzing the cognitive process. The outcome of these studies develops intelligent software and systems.
Artificial intelligence (AI) is a rapidly growing field that has been in development for several decades. Here is a brief history of artificial intelligence:
1950s: The field of AI began with the work of computer scientists like John McCarthy, Marvin Minsky, and Claude Shannon. They explored the possibility of creating machines that could reason, learn, and solve problems like humans.
1960s-70s: AI research experienced significant progress during this period, with the development of expert systems, natural language processing, and rule-based reasoning systems. These systems could perform specific tasks, but they were limited in their capabilities.
1980s-90s: This period saw a shift in AI research from rule-based systems to machine learning and neural networks. Researchers focused on developing algorithms that could learn from data and improve their performance over time.
2000s-present: Advances in machine learning, deep learning, and natural language processing have led to the development of sophisticated AI systems that can perform tasks like image and speech recognition, autonomous driving, and game playing. AI has also become increasingly integrated into everyday life, with applications in healthcare, finance, education, and other industries.
Today, AI is a rapidly evolving field that continues to push the boundaries of what machines can do. As AI technologies become more sophisticated and accessible, they have the potential to transform many aspects of our lives and society as a whole.
Types of Artificial Intelligence
There are different ways to categorize artificial intelligence, but one common way is to classify it into the following types:
These categories are not rigid and can overlap. Moreover, the development of AI is still an ongoing process, and new types of AI may emerge in the future as researchers make more advancements in the field.
Artificial intelligence (AI) works by using algorithms and data to enable machines to simulate human-like behavior, including learning, decision-making, and problem-solving. Here is a brief overview of how AI works:
Overall, AI works by using data and algorithms to enable machines to simulate human-like behavior, learn from experience, and make decisions. The success of an AI system depends on the quality of the data, the effectiveness of the algorithms, and the ability of the system to adapt to changing conditions over time.
There are several ways of implementing AI, depending on the specific task or problem that needs to be solved. Here are some common approaches:
These are just a few examples of the many ways AI can be implemented. The choice of approach depends on the specific problem to be solved and the available resources and expertise.
Three cognitive abilities—learning, thinking, and self-correction—that the human brain possesses to varying degrees are the focus of artificial intelligence. In the context of AI, we define them as follows:
Learning is the process of gathering knowledge and developing the skills necessary to utilise it.
Reasoning: Using the principles of information to arrive at precise or approximative conclusions.
Self-Correction: The practice of continuously improving AI algorithms to make sure they provide the most precise results possible.
The objectives of AI, however, have been expanded and deepened to include the following:
AI software enables computers to carry out complex tasks. On February 10, 1996, Garry Kasparov was defeated by IBM's Deep Blue chess machine in a match.
A reflective, dynamically typed, object-oriented programming language called Smalltalk was developed to support the "new world" of computers, which is typified by "human-computer symbiosis."
a method used to make it possible for computers to travel from point A to point B. Google's self-driving Toyota Prius is a great illustration of this.
Install linguistically intelligent computers.
Use computers to communicate with the outside world via sight, sound, touch, and scent.
The following are some of the jobs carried out by AI-enabled devices: